What Is Elul ?

Elul is the twelfth and final month in the Hebrew calendar. It is the month that directly precedes Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, which are days of judgment and attornment. As such, the month of Elul is a serious time of preparation. One month remains before the arrival of Rosh Hashana at which time every single member of mankind will stand in judgement and be evaluated. Based on calculations of vast importance, Hashem formulates decrees of every kind for the coming year. Each man’s destiny is decreed on this awe-inspiring and frightful day. Elul is the month to prepare.

Who will live through the year? Who will die? Who will remain healthy? Who will become ill? Who will find success? Who will become impoverished? Which countries will prosper? Which ones will be destroyed? Every event that transpired over the course of the year was decreed ahead of time on Rosh Hashana, and everything that will transpire in the coming year will have be decreed on the coming Rosh Hashana. As such, it behooves us to prepare ourselves properly for judgment day.

Elul can be understood to be an acronym for “Ani L’dodi V’dodi Li” – “I am for my Beloved and my Beloved is for me” (Shir Hashirim 6,3). This means that G-d is our most beloved and we are most beloved in G-d’s eyes. And because we are so beloved by Hashem, He urges us to be ready for judgment day. Showing up to court unprepared is a recipe for disaster. Smart people prepare ahead of time, and judgement day is no different. As such, Elul is a time for introspection and repentance, and for forging a closer connection with G-d.

In Jewish History

Let’s begin with a little bit of history.

When the Israelites travelled in the desert, shortly after having received the Torah on Mount Sinai, the incident of the Golden Calf transpired. Moshe was on the mountain for forty days, after which he was informed by Hashem that the nation was serving a calf. Moshe descended from the mountain and shattered the tablets. That event took place on the seventeenth of Tamuz. At that time, Hashem told Moshe that He had had enough. If Moshe “allowed”, G-d would annihilate the Jewish nation and begin anew with Moshe. As the destiny of the Jewish nation hung precariously in the balance, Moshe summoned every ounce of strength and begged G-d to relent. G-d accepted Moshe’s entreaty and forgave the Jewish nation.

After Moshe smashed the tablets, summoned the Levites, and exacted retribution to the sinners, he delayed going back up onto the mountain. It wasn’t until Rosh Chodesh Elul [first day of the month of Elul] that Moshe ascended Mount Sinai for another forty days, returning on Yom Kippur with the second tablets. It was on Yom Kippur that Hashem forgave the Jewish nation for the sin of the Golden Calf.

During the month of Elul, Moshe was on the mountain begging G-d for forgiveness. This was the time when Hashem “extended a hand” by offering us a second chance. In every generation, this time of year has been designated as a time to plead for forgiveness from Hashem, and to rectify mistakes that we may made throughout the year.

What We Do In Elul ?

The jewish month of Elul holds great significance for the Jewish nation. However, we do more than rely on the historic and symbolic aspects of this time of year. As is customary, we perform acts that are appropriate for this time of year.

Teshuva [repentance]

The word Teshuva means to return . When we do Teshuva, our souls return to the state of innocence that existed before we committed the sin. According to the Rambam, there are four steps to the process of repentance, without which repentance is incomplete. They are: 1) Leave the sin 2) Regret the sin 3) Admit the sin (must be spoken out) 4) Commit to never repeat the sin


For sins between man and his fellowman, additional steps are required. First and foremost, one must right the wrong (i.e. return stolen money). Next, one must ask the offended party for forgiveness . Without forgiveness from the harmed party, G-d will not forgive. These two steps take precedence to the four steps enumerated above.


Throughout the month of Elul, the Shofar is sounded following Shacharis each morning, to arouse the nation out of their slumber toward repentance. We begin blowing the Shofar at the beginning of the month of Elul and continue until Rosh Hashana. Whenever the shofar is sounded, the blower sounds four blasts. They are, Tikiya, Shevrim, Teruah, Tikiya.


There is an ancient custom to recite Selichos during the month of Elul. Selichos are extraordinary and hallowed prayers that are designated for fast days, Yom Kippur, and the Ten Days of Repentance. The word Selichos is formed from the root word Selach which means forgive . Thus, we understand that the Selichos are a compilation of stirring prayers in which we beseech Hashem for forgiveness.

Children’s Video

Yud Gimmel Middos

During the months of Elul and Tishrei many of the prayers, however, center around one central theme, that is, the Thirteen Attributes of G-d, known as the Yud-Gimmel Middos. Let’s learn some more about them.
When Hashem forgave the Jewish nation after Chait Ha’Egel [sin of the Golden Calf], G-d told Moshe that in every generation, whenever judgment comes against the nation, they should do the thirteen Middos (attributes) of Hashem, and He will forgive them. Notice, that Hashem did not instruct us to recite the Yud-Gimmel Middos. Rather, He said to do them. This teaches that when we utter the Yud-Gimmel Middos during Selichos (and at other times during the year), we are not supposed to merely list off the various attributes of Hashem. Rather, we are instructed to inculcate these attitudes into our personalities as much as possible. This in fact, is a very great form of serving Hashem. When we imitate Hashem’s ways to the best of our ability, we are serving Hashem in an ideal and sublime way.
G-d instructed Moshe to DO the thirteen Middos to elicit forgiveness. Considering that it is a tall task to imitate all thirteen attributes, it is a good idea to take a single trait upon oneself during the jewish month of Elul. This year, choose one attribute to work on, and another one next year. With time, you will slowly transform yourself into a more divine human being, as you forge a closer and more complete connection with Hashem.



This name of G-d refers to the Attribute of Mercy. The second attribute repeats this name. While G-d himself never changes, our relationship to him does. The first attribute refers to our relationship with Hashem before we sin. While Hashem grants man free will, He knows ahead of time what we will choose. Despite His knowledge that man will sin, He still has mercy. How can we imitate G-d? Give people a chance even if you think they might mess up.



Our relationship to G-d after He forgives us for our sin. Despite the wrong committed, our value does not diminish in the eyes of G-d. Once we repent, Hashem wipes away the sin, and we begin anew. How can we imitate G-d? We should not hold onto hatred. If a friend wronged us, we should still value them, and forgive them. Just like we want forgiveness for ourselves, we should give forgiveness to others.



Power. The Almighty has mercy on those who sin, ensuring their survival. We too should use our strength and power to ensure the survival and success of others, even if we consider them undeserving.



Compassionate. Even when someone requires punishment, G-d does it with pity. Likewise, Hashem never puts a man through an ordeal that he cannot endure. How can we imitate G-d? If someone requires rebuke, we should do it in a gentle way. We should also feel the pain of others, and never tempt anyone to sin.



Gracious. G-d gives freely, even though we do not deserve. How many of us deserve our health, prosperity and happiness? Nobody does. The way to imitate G-d in this instance is to get in the habit of doing favors for others without expecting anything in return, even if they don’t deserve it.



Slow to Anger. G-d does not anger quickly. We too, should keep our anger in check. The attribute of anger brings great distress into our lives and should be avoided as much as possible.



Abundant in Kindness. Here the adjective abundant is added to demonstrate the vast kindness that Hashem performs every day. In fact, the kindness of Hashem is so great that is far beyond our ability to grasp.
Be kind to others and don’t settle for the minimum. Be great in kindness. The verse in Psalms states Olam Chesed Yibaneh – a world of Chesed you build. G-d fashioned a world out of pure kindness and we should too. Chesed is one of the three legs that the world stands on. 



Truth. G-d is exacting in truth beyond our imagination. We too should insist on truth. Our word should be as good as gold. If we say something, we should mean it. We should do good on our promises.



Truth. G-d is exacting in truth beyond our imagination. We too should insist on truth. Our word should be as good as gold. If we say something, we should mean it. We should do good on our promises.





Forgiver of Iniquity, and Willful Sin, and Error. Here we learn about forgiveness for three categories of sin that we should strive to emulate. Level one. If someone hurts us accidentally , forgive them. Level two. Someone hurts us purposefully – also forgive them. Level three. Someone knows how much it bothers us and does it just to get us angry. Forgive them as well, because Hashem forgives us in these instances.



Who Cleanses. Hashem cleans up after our mess. When we repent, Hashem erases that part of our lives as if it never transpired. We too should block out of minds the wrongs that other committed to us, especially if they are contrite and regret having harmed us.

Let Follow ways of Hashem and open our hands and hearts to those in need

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The Month Of Elul In Belz

Take a journey through the month of Elul with a collection of images from some of the most memorable moments with the Rebbe during these special days.

Rosh Chodesh Elul

Rosh Chodesh Elul marks the beginning of the “Di Heilige Teig” (The Holy Days) when a feeling of awe descends upon the Court of Belz. Hundreds of Chassidim and Yeshiva students will join the Rebbe in prayer in the Big Shul at the start of this special month. Over the course of the coming weeks, tens of thousands of people will congregate here to pour out their hearts in prayer, as they head into the new year.

August 4, 2021


The Wholeness of A Broken Heart

One Rosh Hashanah, the first Belzer Rebbe, Rabbi Shalom Rokeach, (1781-1855), saw two Jews standing off to the side in deep conversation. The Rebbe told his son and eventual successor, Rabbi Yehoshua Rokeach, (1825-1894), to listen in to what they were saying and report back. Rabbi Yehoshua walked over and took a listen. He heard one saying to the other, “Woe! Today is Rosh Hashanah, such a mighty and awesome day! With what will we come in from G-d, master of the world, He who examines the hearts and minds of all men?” His friend sighed deeply, and at once became engrossed in thoughts of repentance.

Rabbi Yehoshua reported back to his father what he had just heard. Said Rabbi Shalom: “Today there was a great accusation in heaven against the Jewish nation. Whenever the defense attempted to say something to vindicate the Jewish people, the prosecutor would speak up in accusation. The defense would say, “the Jewish nation gives charity!” and the prosecutor would cry back, “so do the nations of the world!” And so it went. One tried to vindicate the Jewish nation and the other opposed. It kept on going that way for a while until the exchange you just overheard between those two heartbroken Jews ascended heavenward.

Suddenly, the defense spoke up and said, “The Jewish nation is contrite and broken hearted!” Now the accuser stood silent. It was true and there was nothing to counter. Indeed, the Jewish people are the only ones who are truly contrite and repentant. The conversation you overheard carried the day.”