Pinchas, son of Elazar, son of Aharon the Kohen.

Wherever Pinchas is mentioned in the Torah, it is written without a Yud, except on this one occasion, where Pinchas is spelled with a seemingly superfluous yud.

When the Nesi’im brought their donations to the Mishkon, the Torah states, “And the Nesi’im brought…” (Shemos: 35;27) spelling Nesi’im without the usual yud. Chazal explain that the yud was omitted because they delayed bringing their donations.

If laziness caused the letter yud to be deleted, then the converse is also true. If someone strengthens the favorable midah of zerizus, zeal, it is appropriate that Pinchas, who acted with great zeal, had the letter yud added to his name.

[Peninim Yekorim]


Pinchas, son of Elazar, son of Aharon the Kohen turned back My wrath…Behold I give him My covenant of peace. And it shall be for him and his offspring after him a covenant of eternal priesthood.


The Rebbe Reb Heshel zy’a writes the following: Some accused Pinchas of having “rendering a halachic decision in the presence of his Rav” (although this wasn’t true since Pinchas initially asked Moshe what to do? See Midrash Rabba, ibid) and the punishment for such an infraction is threefold:

(1) “He is lowered from his prominent position” [See Rashi, Eiruvin 63a]. (2) He passes away childless. (3) Wild animals kill him—“He is fitting to be bitten by a snake.”

To show that these accusations against Pinchas were unfounded HaKodosh Boruch Hu promised Pinchas: (1) To be elavated to a covenant of eternal priesthood. (2) “And it shall be for him and his offspring after him.” (3) “I give him My covenant of peace,” a berochoh that includes, “I will provide peace in the land…I will cause wild beasts to withdraw from the land” (Vayikra 26:6).

[Chanukas HaTorah]

You shall place of your majesty upon him, so that the entire assembly of Yisroel will pay heed.

Why did only the Elders of that generation voice such criticism? Why not the younger people living at that time?
The younger people didn’t comment like that since they were only acquainted with Moshe Rabbeinu for the last few years of his life, and they presumed that when Moshe was younger his countenance was also like that of the moon. However, the Elders who were acquainted with Moshe for forty years argued that even when Moshe was young his countenance was like that of the sun.

The Elders didn’t remember that when they were acquainted with Moshe Rabbeinu he was already eighty years old, but if they would have seen him when he was Yehoshua’s age his countenance would also be like a moon, and Yehoshua wasn’t less than him.

[Vilna Gaon]